Red Hat
Sep 18, 2016
by (Juraci Paixão Kröhling)

The focus of the latest Hawkular APM release has been in building a compatibility layer for ZipKin-aware applications. In this blog post, we’ll show how Hawkular APM can be used as a drop-in replacement for ZipKin server and UI.

At the end of this blog post, we should see data flowing from the target applications to Hawkular APM, without any code changes to the application themselves:

Hawkular APM Dashboard

Red Hat offers a Container Developer Toolkit, or CDK, for its customers, allowing for a quick start on developing applications following the best practices on the microservices architecture.

Along with the CDK, Red Hat publishes also a "MSA - Hello World Microservices Architecture", which demonstrates how applications might benefit from this architecture. It can also be used as seed for your own projects, as it shows how activities can be accomplished by using several technology stacks, from nodejs/express to Wildfly Swarm.

For Hawkular APM, this offers a great way to test our APIs on different stacks, specially our ZipKin compatibility layer. Ideally, one would simply point the ZipKin URL setting to a Hawkular APM server and everything would just work.

And that’s what we are going to do in this post!

Getting started with CDK and MSA


To setup CDK and MSA, we suggest that you follow the official instructions. At the end of the process, you should have all the services running. Open the "frontend" service, and click around a bit. For instance:

  • Click on the "Browser as client" menu item, which will make the browser make Ajax calls directly to the API endpoints

  • Click on the "API Gateway" menu item: on this case, the browser makes a single call to the API Gateway, which in turn makes single API calls to each of the services

  • Click on "Service chaining" menu item: on this case, each service calls the "next", adding the results to its own payload.

  • It could be interesting to make a note about the hostnames, to later make sure that you have "new" Docker containers running. The default output for each of the services include the hostname. Concretely, the output ola-7-9wa31 means that the service ola is running on the container with hostname 9wa31.

Open the ZipKin interface, and make sure that data is arriving there. Check also the different visualizations for the different operations.

Hawkular APM

We’ll use the previous post on running Hawkular APM on OpenShift as base to install our Hawkular APM alongside the other MSA examples. For this blog post, we’ll prepare our own image based on the official Dockerfile for Hawkular APM. For that, fork and clone our repository and run:

cd hawkular-apm-server
oc new-app jboss/hawkular-apm-server
oc new-build --binary --name=hawkular-apm-server -l app=hawkular-apm-server
oc start-build hawkular-apm-server --from-dir=. --follow
oc expose service hawkular-apm-server

Alternatively, the image from Docker Hub can be used, although it’s possible that networking issues might occur. If you use this option and the build takes more than, say, 10 minutes to finish, do a vagrant ssh to enter the box, and check the logs via journalctl -f.

oc new-app jboss/hawkular-apm-server
oc expose service hawkular-apm-server

This should create a new image stream, build, deployment and application.

Before anything else, make note of the admin and password credentials. Those can be seen on the build logs: Browse → Deployments → hawkular-apm-server → Click on the latest deployment → Logs. A sample output is as follows:

We automatically created an admin user for you to access the Hawkular APM web interface:
Username: adminQqyEF7i
Password: KS3mmZbkdhRZ5y7oF

Once this is done, there should be a new service available on OpenShift’s dashboard, with an URL like

Now that everything is in place and working as expected, it’s time to switch from ZipKin to Hawkular APM!

Making the switch

Each one of the MSA modules has a Dockerfile, specifying a ENV ZIPKIN_SERVER_URL http://zipkin-query:9411. From there, we have some options:

  • Change each Dockerfile to make the env var point to http://hawkular-apm-server:8080

  • Specify the -e option to Docker, to override the ZIPKIN_SERVER_URL

  • Set an Environment Variable in the OpenShift deployment

We’ll choose the last option, as we consider that as the less invasive one, inline with the Microservice idea that configuration should not be a concern for the application.

oc env dc/aloha       ZIPKIN_SERVER_URL="http://hawkular-apm-server:8080"
oc env dc/api-gateway ZIPKIN_SERVER_URL="http://hawkular-apm-server:8080"
oc env dc/bonjour     ZIPKIN_SERVER_URL="http://hawkular-apm-server:8080"
oc env dc/hola        ZIPKIN_SERVER_URL="http://hawkular-apm-server:8080"
oc env dc/ola         ZIPKIN_SERVER_URL="http://hawkular-apm-server:8080"

Wait a bit until OpenShift finishes deploying the new containers, and hit "Refresh Results" on the frontend. Note that the hostnames will change, indicating that a new container is running. At around the same time, you should see the first data flowing to Hawkular APM.

Spoiler alert: after the first two screenshots that we added for orientation, we also included some screenshots with the final result.

Overriding the environment variable on an OpenShift deployment:

Environment variable in OpenShift deployment

Hawkular APM Deployment logs on OpenShift:

Deployment log

Sample of the aggregated visualization for the "Service chaining" technique:

Service chaining

Details about a single instance of the "Service chaining" technique:

Screenshot 5

Sample of the aggregated visualization for the "API Gateway" technique:

API Gateway

Details about a single instance of the "API Gateway" technique:

Screenshot 4
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